Feb 9, 2022 • 31M

Misinformation threatens our national security

Politicians and the police are remarkably tolerant of people spreading dangerous misinformation and bullying kids, teachers and vaccinators in ways that cost lives and livelihoods. We have to act.

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Bernard Hickey
Bernard Hickey and friends explore the political economy together.
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TLDR & TLDL: Yesterday I watched protestors threaten to kill politicians and journalists as they spat at onlookers. Others reported they thew eggs and bullied a student wearing a face mask who was walking past on her way to school.

Then they tried to break into Parliament to lynch a Prime Minister they accuse of murdering children. They are still camped in Parliament’s grounds, although in the last hour Police have started pulling them away one by one into detention.

Why are the great and the good, the politicians and the Police, have all been so tolerant and relaxed about a phenomenon of hyper-amplified and hysterical misinformation that I argue is now actually an existential threat to our national security and health? We should act now and I have a few suggestions below.

(I have opened this article and podcast up for both paid and free subscribers to receive as an email and to share here as an article, given the public interest involved.)


The protestors at Parliament may seem chaotic but do they represent something that poses an existential threat to our national security and health? Photo: Lynn Grieveson/TheKaka

This phenomenon is a threat to our national security

I’ve covered all sorts of street protests in my 35 years of journalism and none of them have been as ugly, vituperative and just plain bonkers as the ones that crawled and blockaded their way to Parliament over the last two days.

They flew Trump flags, spouted Qanon conspiracy theories about global elites running child trafficking rings and demanded ‘freedom’ to spread a deadly disease and paralyse a health system that is barely able to deal with the illnesses of the other 96% of their fellow adults citizens who chose to get vaccinated and wear masks in public. They threw eggs at students for wearing masks. (NewstalkZB)

They demanded their ‘right’ to opt out of the social contract we have as a society to try to look after those around us in exchange for protection from bigger threats and for a modicum of stability under democratically agreed laws to get on with our lives in peace, health and safety. It is the social contract any family and society enters into. We pay taxes and vote for governments and laws with the understanding we’ll be protected from external and internal threats to life and liberty.

That’s the deal, and yesterday and Tuesday they broke it repeatedly, aggressively, violently and without any sense of empathy for those trying to go about their daily lives and jobs. And without consequence. Protestors happily sat and blocked traffic and pedestrians for hours on end. They harassed and abused others without a police officer in sight on Tuesday. By Wednesday, the Police in their high viz vests were there, but only after loud and repeated threats of a plan to ‘storm’ Parliament. Even yesterday, the Police were playing ‘rock, paper, scissors’ with protestors on the front line. Some kind soul even arranged for portaloos for the protestors to do their own personal business in peace.

Why are the great and the good so chilled?

So why are politicians and the Police so tolerant and accepting of what I argue is actually a phenomenon and movement (albeit chaotic and incoherent) that has become an existential threat to our national security and health?

This may seem a strange thing to say, and it’s certainly not in step with the sort of tired and resigned frustration that our Government, Opposition, Police and civil society are displaying at the moment.

There is a collective almost-stunned feeling that cracking down on these people is not the ‘kiwi’ way to deal with protestors. Police were barely visible on Tuesday. No MP left Parliament or the Beehive to meet them or accept any petitions, which is almost unheard of, given the regular and peaceful gatherings on the lawns out the front. The collective sigh was one of ‘ignore them and they’ll go away’.

The official response, if that’s what it could be called, is to just wait for this ‘misguided, sad and pathetic’ bunch of holdouts to fade away into the background once the worst of the pandemic fades into a ‘business-as-usual’ pandemic. From the top down, the messages and actions are the lightest touch possible. Restraint and repeated attempts to ‘engage’ are current modus operandii across Government and most of the media. No one has called them ‘deplorables’ and few anywhere near power have demanded any sort of crackdown with mass arrests or punishments. They’ll just ‘go away’ in their own time is the thinking, and they’re not really dangerous or in any way likely to change anything serious.

‘This too will pass.’ Really?

PM Jacinda Ardern is the target of the most egregious, vituperative and frankly insane accusations in placard, chant and online message form across Facebook, Twitter and in the comment sections of Stuff, NZ Herald and TradeMe. Yet she has turned the other cheek again and again in an admirable display of restraint and tolerance. She regularly exposes herself to torrents of hatred in her Facebook Live sessions in a way that no other PM would (and has) done.

Only once has the torrent overwhelmed her. In early December, a clearly exhausted Ardern couldn’t let yet another comment pass from someone saying they were ‘over you, over your mandates’ without a pained rebuttal:

"Um, Amanda. Sorry you're over me. But you don't have to stay on my Facebook Live if I'm bothering you. I'm sure there are many other things you could do with your time if you find this irritating." PM Jacinda Ardern in a Facebook Live on Dec 9 (NZ Herald).

Tipping her head to one side, she exudes as much empathy that is left after four years of crises to plead with them one more time to do the right thing and get vaccinated for the sake of their whanau and community.

Asked about for yet another message to the protestors and the rest of us on Tuesday, she said (bolding mine):

“The first thing I’d say to the vast majority of New Zealanders who have made sacrifices, who have gone out and been vaccinated, is thank you, and that this too will pass.” PM Jacinda Ardern in her post-cabinet news conference on Feb 8 (Beehive transcript).

Our heads are in the sand of the high road

Taking the high road is admirable in most cases and something any successful mainstream politician learns to do with grace and forbearance. But sometimes it’s actually dangerous to ‘let it slide’. Not responding encourages some to test the boundaries even more, and for the most extreme to act on some wildest accusations and threats.

Turning the other cheek was what British civil society did during and after Brexit, and what US civil society did before and during Trump’s nomination, election and attempted coup on Jan 6. It was as if no one thought the worst could happen. That this rag tag rabble of incoherent grievances would go away once it was clear they couldn’t get their hands on the usual levers of political power. After all, it worked with the Occupy and Arab Spring sit-ins and protest movements. Once the initial enthusiasm was spent and there were new things scrolling through their facebook and twitter feeds, these groups faded away.

It’s only now dawning on many that this was a mistake that has cost both countries millions of lives, years of economic growth and potentially could destroy the oldest democracies in the world. Firstly, those fundamental grievances about losing livelihoods and futures through 30 years of welfare-choking economic reforms and globalisation needed to be redressed. Secondly, the assumptions about the societal, political and legal norms being enough to protect health and stability were tragically wrong.

British MPs have been murdered. The Capitol was stormed. Protestors and police died. Trump’s supporters tried to mount a coup, and were not that far away from achieving it. The United States is far from out of the woods, and neither is Britain.

But we’re different. Aren’t we?

Aotearoa-NZ’s modern history of political protest and democratic activity has been largely peaceful and eventually progressive. Aside from the Springbok tour clashes and the riots on waterfronts before and after the first and second world wars, our political movements have not disrupted national security in any immediate or existential sense.

But that was before we all had smart phones in our hands.

Now, a significant portion of the population get most of their information and have most of their public debates in toxic online landscapes of extreme misinformation, disinformation and hyper-emotional shouting matches. These debates are often purely performative demonstrations of tribal fealty and rarely become genuine attempts to understand and come to some new joint position.

This is no accident. The algorythms developed by Facebook and Google’s Youtubes are designed to amplify the most ‘engaging’ comments, news and videos. These the ones that attract the most likes and shares. The most hate and love. The most extreme positions. It has only taken a decade since the widespread distribution and adoption of smart phones for the public debates of most western countries to become ever more extreme and just plain stupid.

Apparently normal, functional people who would seem rational colleagues and family members appear to slide down holes into extreme and plainly wrong views about politics, health, technology and science. It is a collective descent into madness, that often goes in tandem with and can worsen mental illness.

So why do we tolerate and enable these algorithmic amplifiers of poison?

New Zealand’s civic society has made no serious attempt to understand or regulate these algorithmic rivers and sprinklers of hatred and misinformation. Other democratic, western countries are stumbling around trying to regulate and control the social media platforms and the algorithms. We have done nothing.

If anything, sadly, it has been enabled by both sides of politics here. They have enthusiastically adopted facebook’s hypodermic needles of information flow direct to voters and free of the usual gatekeepers in the mainstream media. The Government has made Facebook Live a semi-official tool to distribute official information and engage with the public. Government departments employ hundreds of social media specialists and spend tens of millions of dollars on Facebook and Google advertising services. On occasion, the Government has even partnered with them on technology investment projects. There has been no serious attempt to try to control the spread of this misinformation and the use of these platforms to organise threats to our national security.

Even after the Christchurch Attacks, little has been done to protect our national security and health. Initially, the PM rightly condemned Facebook and Google for enabling and allowing a domestic terrorist to amplify the terror attack on their platforms. But that was as far as it went. The Christchurch Call has dissolved into a Davos-style talkfest for world leaders and tech execs to shoot the breeze and avoid regulation or any meaningful change whatsoever.

We are not immune. At all.

I have watched dumbstruck over the last five years as extremists have harassed and attacked journalists and public figures personally and viciously, including those I work with. I’ve seen death threats delivered to homes by mail. I’ve watched camera operators being spat at and shoved. I’ve seen nooses paraded in front of Parliament.

This has to stop and we have to take it seriously. Others are starting to.

The Department of Internal Affairs commissioned a report last year from the London-based Institute for Strategic Dialogue and CASM Technology on the online activities of extremists with a demonstrable link to New Zealand, as well as the digital platforms connecting New Zealand to an international extremist ecosystem.

Here’s what it found (bolding mine):

Exploring far-right, Islamist and far-left extremism as well as the growing grey area between conspiracy theories and extremism online, the research draws on data from social media sites including Facebook, YouTube and Twitter, a range of ‘alt tech’ platforms, including Parler, Gab and Telegram, alongside data from stand-alone extremist websites and forums, with over 600,000 posts collected from over 300 extremist accounts from New Zealand.

Our research sheds light on how extremism manifests online in New Zealand, the platforms where it spreads and key differences in how each are used. We look at the scale of mobilisation in both absolute terms – compared to mainstream social media use – and in contrast to extremism in other contexts around the world.

We analyse how the Internet allows New Zealand extremists to be influenced in ways that are profoundly international, whilst remaining rooted in domestic contexts. We also show how extremism online relates to phenomena such as hate speech, disinformation and conspiracy theories. '

Focusing on data gathered from 2020, our research also looks at how offline events impact online extremist activity, from the captive audiences provided by Covid-19 lockdowns to increased polarisation around elections in New Zealand and the United States.

Overall, our research shows that New Zealand is not an exception to broader international extremism trends. A concentrated but engaged core of online activists in New Zealand are intimately plugged into international extremist subcultures which draw New Zealanders away from the protective factors around them – such as a long history of liberal values and strong institutions – and surround them with the polarising grievances raging on the other side of the world. To a lesser extent, international extremist subcultures are also plugged into New Zealand and discuss the people, places and issues of the country at some volume, especially the Christchurch attack itself.

There are real world consequences happening right now

I have sat on my hands too for the last two years, expecting the temperature to cool naturally and for the ‘kiwi’ way to resume. I was jolted out of my complacency for the final time on Tuesday in the middle of the post-Cabinet news conference when it dawned on me the Government had decided not to use schools as mass vaccination sites because of the danger of violent attacks on teachers, students and vaccinators at the schools. This has not been reported widely and I don’t understand why.

Here’s Education and Covid-19 Minister Chris Hipkins talking in that news conference when asked about why schools weren’t being used as mass vaccination sites to accelerate the vaccination rollout (bolding mine):

“There is no question there are strong levels of support for tamariki to be vaccinate, but there is also some concern that schools can and have become the targets of some pretty aggressive and, in some cases, very nasty anti-vax sentiment. And so we have to just tread that line very carefully, and that has been a recurring theme in that conversation. So I think schools will want to be involved. They want to be supported but they don’t want to find themselves targeted.” Chris Hipkins in the news conference (Beehive transcript)

Photo: Hagan Hopkins/Getty Images

So these protestors, who have regularly harassed vaccinators and in some cases falsely booked appointments to stop others being vaccinated (RNZ), have forced the Government to avoid using a way that could accelerate the vaccination programme, save countless lives and avoid the sort of societally damaging lockdowns and restrictions we have endured for two years.

No more. This has to stop. This type of ‘protest’ is actually a threat to our national security and health and should be treated as such. It is not just an inconvenience or even a tragic case of mass hysteria. It is costing us lives. It could threaten our democracy, as it has in other countries. That may seem extreme, but that’s what the good and great said to those in Britain and America in 2016 before the election of Trump and Brexit. Now look at the results. Millions are dead needlessly. The world’s biggest democracy almost collapsed into a mad dictatorship.

The Parliamentary democracy we are directly descended from is now run by a man who refuses to resign in the face of public contempt, even though he is a serial liar who treated lockdown laws as things for him to announce and ignore, and for other people to obey. Boris Johnson announced overnight he planned to remove mask wearing rules because his back bench MPs thought it would be a good idea.

So what should we do?

We should investigate regulating the algorithmic tools to stop hyper-amplifying misinformation into the news feeds of the four million New Zealanders who spend hours a day scrolling through social media.

We should take threats of violence aimed at journalists, politicians, vaccinators and scientists seriously. It is illegal to make those threats. People should be prosecuted and imprisoned.

We should not let protestors attack, bully, abuse, spit at and shove bystanders around. We should not let protestors block off roads for days on end. An awful lot of parking tickets should be issued and vehicles towed away.

This has to stop.

Finally, here’s an insight into the uneasy and unsustainable place we’re in. It’s a tweet from a former colleague who is now in the Press Gallery and has been the subject of repeated and vitriolic attacks.

Part of me wants to celebrate the ‘kiwi-ness of it’, but the other part of me is deepful fearful for the safety of good people.

(I have opened up this article to all of the public to read in full and share. I’m able to do this sort of accountability and explanatory journalism on the politics and economics of our housing, poverty and climate crises because over 1,400 people have become paid subscribers to The Kākā. I’d love you to join as a full subscriber, which enables you to comment below and gives you access to all my daily emails, and access to my weekly webinars and chat threads. Come and join us.)

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